Integrating Lotus Notes applications with web services(Part 2)


Once we received the information from the web services, the next step was to parse that stream in order to get the necessary data. I needed a quick and easy way of doing this. After a little search on the existing solutions, I have chosen to use Xstream library. It’s simple to work with and you don’t need extra mapping. You just create the Java classes, that will represent our xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
	<project id="15" name="Project A">
		<plan id="0">
			<plan id="37">
				<name>Plan A.1</name>
			<plan id="67">
				<name>Plan A.2</name>
		<plan id="31">
			<name>Plan B</name>
			<plan id="48">
				<name>Plan B.1</name>

Every project has an id and a name, and a plan. An plan has also an id and a name, and a list of plans.

public class Project {
	private String id;
	private String name;
	private Plan plan;
	// ... constructors and methods
public class Plan {
	private String id;
	private String name;
	private List plans;
	// ... constructors and methods
public class Projects {
	private List projects;
	// ... constructors and methods

To use XStream, simply instantiate the XStream class with a standard JAXP DOM parser as the constructor’s parameter. In this case only xstream-[version].jar is required it the classpath. The no parameter constructor for the XStream class uses the XPP3 parser (XPP3 is a very fast XML pull-parser implementation). In this case you must include the xpp3-[version].jar as a dependency.

In the xml file the project’s id is an attribute. To work properly you need the useAttributeFor method. The addImplicitCollection method treats “Plan A” as it would be inside a plans tag. A link between the xml element and a Java class is made by the alias method.

If you want to use Xstream with Lotus Notes you will get an exception like this: “java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError: Cannot access defaults field of Properties”. The solution is to add an entry to Lotus Domino JVM’s java.policy file to allow XStream jar use reflection.
Adding this grant solves the issue:
permission java.lang.reflect.ReflectPermission “suppressAccessChecks”;

import com.thoughtworks.xstream.XStream;
public class XstreamParser {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		XStream xstream = new XStream(new DomDriver()); // does not require XPP3
		FileInputStream fis;
		try {
			fis = new FileInputStream("D:/XML/GetProjectTree.xml");
			xstream.useAttributeFor(Project.class, "id");
			xstream.useAttributeFor(Project.class, "name");
			xstream.useAttributeFor(Plan.class, "id");
			xstream.alias("projects", Projects.class);
			xstream.alias("project", Project.class);
			xstream.alias("plan", Plan.class);
			xstream.addImplicitCollection(Projects.class, "projects");
			xstream.addImplicitCollection(Plan.class, "plans");
			Projects projects = (Projects) xstream.fromXML(fis);
			for (Project project : projects.getProjects()) {
				PlanUtils planUtils = new PlanUtils();
		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
public class PlanUtils {
	private List planNames = new ArrayList();
	private void iteratePlan(Plan plan, String str) {
		if (plan.getPlans() != null) {
			planNames.add(str + " - id= " + plan.getId());
			for(Plan tempPlan : plan.getPlans()) {
				iteratePlan(tempPlan, str + "/" + tempPlan.getName());
		} else {
			planNames.add(str + " - id= " + plan.getId());
	public void printPlan(Plan plan) {
		iteratePlan(plan, plan.getName());
		for (String planName : planNames) {

This example contains few of the Xstream’s capabilities. For further information see:

Xstream web site
XPP3 web site

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